THE ROMAN EMPERORS

The Ante-Nicene succession of Caesars

1. AUGUSTUS 1

2. TIBERIUS 14

3. CALIGULA 37

4. CLAUDIUS 41

5. NERO 54

6. GALBA 68

7. OTHO 69

8. VITELLIUS 69

9. VESPASIAN 69

10. TITUS 79

11. DOMITIAN 81

12. NERVA 96

13. TRAJAN 98

14. HADRIAN 117

15. ANTONINUS PIUS 138

16. MARCUS AURELIUS 161

17. COMMODUS 180

18. PERTINAX 192

19. DIDIUS JULIANUS (NIGER) 193

20. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 193

21. CARACALLA (GETA) 211

22. MACRINUS 217 (LICINIUS, etc.)

23. HELIOGABALUS 218

24. ALEXANDER SEVERUS 222

25. MAXIMINUS 235

26. GORDIAN 235

27. PUPIENUS (BALBINUS) 235

28. GORDIAN THE YOUNGER 238

29. PHILIP 244

30. DECUIS 249

31. GALLUS (VOLUSIANUS) 251

32. VALERIAN 254

33. GALLEINUS 260

34. CLAUDIUS II 268

35. AURELIAN 270

36. TACITUS (PROBUS) 275

37. FLORIAN 276

38. CARUS (CARINUS, NUMERIAN) 282

39. DIOCLETIAN 284

4O. MAXIMIAN (GALERIUS) 286

41. CONSTANTIUS CHLORUS 292

42. MAXIMIN 306

43. CONSTANTINE THE GREAT 307

Suetonius includes Julius, and therefore his Twelve Caesars end with Domitian, the last of the Flavian family. With Nerva the "five good emperors" (so called) begin, but the "good Aurelius" was a persecutor. St. John, surviving the cruelty of Domitian, lived and died under Trajan.

The "vision of Constantine" is dated, at Treves, A.D. 312.

The Labarum became the Roman standard thenceforth.

The Dominical ordinance dates from Milan, June 2, A.D. 321.

He founds the city of Constantinople A.D. 324, convokes the Council of Nicaea A.D. 325.

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